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Language Point 57: Too and enough

Basic definition:

We use too and enough to talk about the quantity or size of something. Too indicates that there is a problem with the quantity or size of something. Enough indicates that the quantity or size of something is suitable or appropriate.

The shoe is too big = it does not fit my foot properly; it is the wrong size

The shoe is big enough = it fits my foot properly; it is the correct size

Not enough means that there is a problem with the quantity or size of something. The quantity is insufficient.

The shoe is not big enough = The shoe is too small



Used with adjectives:

We put too before the adjective and we put enough after the adjective.

He is too young I am too poor
She is old enough You are rich enough
He isn't old enough I'm not rich enough


Used with nouns:

We put enough before nouns.

We use too much/ too little before uncountable nouns.

We use too many/too few before countable nouns.

Uncountable nouns: Countable nouns:
   
I have enough water I have enough shirts
You don't have enough water You don't have enough shirts
You have too little water You have too few shirts
He has too much water He has too many shirts


Used with adverbs:

We put too before the adverb and we put enough after the adverb.

She drives too quickly He works too hard
You drive carefully enough to pass your driving test You work hard enough
She doesn't drive carefully enough I don't work hard enough


Used with verbs:

With some verbs, we can use too much and enough like adverbs. We rarely use too little in this way, although it is possible.

I worry too much She's written too much You think too much about your problems
I don't relax enough I've written enough He doesn't think enough about his friends


Vocabulary:

to take the plunge (idiom):
decide to do something important, difficult or risky

a hangover:
this is when you feel ill because you have drunk a lot of alcohol

greedy:
you take or eat more than you need

a date:
this is when you go out for a romantic evening with someone




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